Scientists plan to build an artificial brain with a supercomputer. It will reproduce all the mechanisms in human brain by the molecules, revolutionary machine will be indicative for the treatment of neurological diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, while deciphering how we think and make decisions.
The project will be coordinated by Professor Henry Markram of the Swiss Institute of Technology in Lausanne, which will collaborate with scientists from across Europe to complete the artificial brain in about 12 years.
“The complexity of the brain, which contains billions of interconnected neurons, makes it difficult to understand by experts in neuroscience. Simulation to do this much easier, allowing scientists to manipulate and measure every aspect of the brain,” explained Professor Markram.
Brain to be built in Dusseldorf, Germany, and coordinators that it intends to integrate research efforts in neuroscience performed worldwide, approximately 60,000 studies annually.
The project received funding from the EU, is also among the nominees at a research grant worth 1 billion euros, to be given next month.
When artificial brain will be done, it can be used to test new drugs, greatly reducing the time required approvals, allowing new treatments available more quickly to market.
Also, researchers estimate that this brain-supercomputer will pave the way for more intelligent robots.
“When this project will be materialized, it will help 2 billion people each year suffering from a type of brain damage. Project is one of the three biggest challenges for humanity. Need to understand the Earth, space and brain. Need to understand what makes us to be men, “said Professor Markram.
In the past 15 years, Professor Markram team researchers were able to simulate a group of neurons called cortical column, one of the basic elements that form the brain of a mammal. Also, scientists managed to simulate a part of the brain of a rat using a computer. The human brain, however, is more difficult to simulate.
One of the challenges this project will represent the energy required for operation. Our brains have about 100 billion neurons, each making billions of “calculations” per second. To simulate this capability computational, artificial brain will need a tremendous amount of energy equal to the total produced by a nuclear plant.
Source: Daily Mail